The purpose of this guide is to provide general guidance for importers who wish to import Mainland chilled chickens* into Hong Kong.
Statutory Requirements for Food Safety
In Hong Kong, the legal framework for control of food safety is laid down in Part V of the Public Health and Municipal Services Ordinance (PHMSO), Cap. 132 and its subsidiary legislation. The basic requirement, as stipulated in Section 54 of the Ordinance, is that no food intended for sale should be unfit for human consumption. Specifically, Imported Game, Meat, Poultry and Eggs Regulations (IGMPER) of the Ordinance stipulate requirements for import of such foods i.e. Mainland chilled chicken.
The chilled chickens must come from Mainland processing plants approved by the Department and the General Administration of Customs, P. R. China (GACC) .
The approved processing plants can be browsed by the hyperlink《在香港註册的内地冰鮮禽肉企業名單》.
Regulation 4(3)(b) of the IGMPER allows the Department to impose conditions related to the import of game, meat , poultry, eggs or prohibited meat for the protection of public health. The import of Mainland chilled chickens is subject to compliance with conditions set out in the import licence (Appendix I). From time to time, the Department will review such import conditions to ensure that latest developments are incorporated to ensure food safety. Any importer who fails to comply with the condition(s) is liable to legal action. Besides, the imported chilled chickens can be rejected.
One condition is that chilled chickens must be transported by a vehicle which has been approved by the Director of Food and Environmental Hygiene. The approval of vehicle for transporting Mainland chilled chickens shall be subject to compliance with conditions as contained in Appendix II. In this connection, the importer should apply for approval in the form at Appendix III.
Under the Import and Export Ordinance, Cap. 60, import of frozen or chilled beef, mutton, pork and poultry is subject to import licensing control. The Department is responsible for issuing import licences for these foods. Thus, importers of Mainland chilled chicken are also required to apply for import licence from the Department for each consignment of chilled chickens. For details of such application, please refer to the "Guide to Application for Import Licence for Frozen Meat, Chilled Meat, Frozen Poultry and Chilled Poultry" issued by the Department. The guide can be browsed at the Department's website.
Arrival of Consignment
Under regulation 4(3)(b) of the IGMPER, the Department will require chilled chickens from the Mainland to enter into Hong Kong through designated border crossing at Man Kam To if the import is via land, or Hong Kong International Airport if by air. At these checkpoints, the food concerned shall be subject to inspection by the Department.
The Department can exercise its power provided under section 62(1) of the PHMSO to collect food samples at points of entry to the territory for various food safety analyses, including microbiological and chemical tests.
The Department will pay market prices for any samples taken from importers. Due to difficulties in ascertaining prices at entry points, the Department will issue a sampling notice to importers when samples are collected. The notice will specify items and quantities of food samples taken. Afterwards, importers could send an invoice and a copy of the notice to the Department for settlement of payment.
For enquiries, please contact the Food Import and Export Section (Tel: 2867 5577) or 1823 Government Hotline. Enquiries may also be sent to the e-mail address: email@example.com or by fax at 2521 4784.
*The "chilled chickens" in this Guide refer to the chickens which had been subject to the pre-chilling process immediately after slaughtering and are kept at a temperature between 0℃ and 4℃.
Centre for Food Safety
Food and Environmental Hygiene Department