According to WHO, most cases with H7N9 infections have reported contact with poultry or live animal markets1. However, both the source of infection and the mode of transmission are uncertain2.

The WHO advises that it is prudent to follow basic hygienic practices to prevent infection2.

Advices to trade 3

Advices to consumers 3

The Centre for Food Safety remains vigilant and will keep an eye on the latest development for deciding on the appropriate corresponding action to safeguard local public and animal health.

Veterinary Public Health Section

Centre for Food Safety

January 2014


  1. WHO, Influenza at the human-animal interface Summary and assessment as of 4 July 2013
    Last accessed: 22 Aug 2013]
  2. WHO, Frequently Asked Questions on human infection caused by the avian influenza A(H7N9) virus update as of 30 April 2013
    Last accessed: 11 Dec 2013]
  3. Centre of Food Safety, 82th Food Safety Focus
    Last accessed: 22 Aug 2013]