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Risk Assessment Studies
Report No. 22

NUTRIENT VALUES OF
INDIGENOUS CONGEE, RICE AND NOODLE DISHES

March 2006
Food and Environmental Hygiene Department
The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

This is a publication of the Food and Public Health Branch of the Food and Environmental Hygiene Department (FEHD) of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Under no circumstances should the research data contained herein be reproduced, reviewed, or abstracted in part or in whole, or in conjunction with other publications or research work unless a written permission is obtained from FEHD. Acknowledgement is required if other parts of this publication are used.

Correspondence:

Risk Assessment Section
Food and Environmental Hygiene Department
43/F, Queensway Government Offices,
66 Queensway, Hong Kong
Email: enquiries@fehd.gov.hk

Table of Contents
Abstract
Objectives
Background
Scope of Study
Method
  Sampling Plan
  Laboratory Analysis
  Data Analysis
Results and Discussion
  Congee Dishes
  Noodles-in-soup Dishes
  Rice-in-soup Dishes
  Meal Sets with Rice Dishes
  Fried Noodle Dishes
  Fried Rice Dishes
  Limitations of the Study
Conclusion and Recommendations
Annex I: Recommendations of WHO and FAO on Nutrient Intakes
Annex II: Indigenous Congee, Rice and Noodle Dishes presented in this Study
Annex III: Testing Methods for Determining Nutrient Contents in Foods
Annex IV: Nutrient Contents of Indigenous Congee, Rice and Noodle Dishes (per 100 g)

Annex V: Nutrient Contents of Indigenous Congee, Rice and Noodle Dishes (per unit)

 



Abstract
The Food and Environmental Hygiene Department (FEHD) has conducted a study to determine the nutrient contents of the common indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes in Hong Kong.

The report presents the nutrient content information of 110 local food items, including congee, rice, noodle dishes and sauces. Laboratory analyses for energy and nine nutrients of local public health interest were conducted by the Food Research Laboratory of FEHD.

The results showed that most of them contained carbohydrate as the main source of energy. It was found that the calcium content of these foods were generally low, whilst their sodium content was on the high side.

A balanced diet can be achieved by choosing food carefully while having indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes. Members of the public are recommended to consume suitable amount of food according to their needs; choose the foods with adequate amount of vegetables; use low-fat cooking methods; minimize intake of sauces; and choose steamed rice instead of fried rice for meal set with rice for patrons who want to cut down energy and fat intake. Patrons frequently consuming these foods are also advised to have one to two servings of low-fat/skimmed dairy products and adequate fruits for the rest of the day to ensure adequate intake of calcium and other important nutrients.

Food trade is advised to modify the recipes of indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes to increase dietary fibre and reduce sodium and fat contents of fried noodles; serve sauces separately for meal sets with rice; and provide more food items with high dietary fibre and calcium contents such as fruits and calcium fortified soy milk in the menu.



OBJECTIVES

This study aims to determine the nutrient values of the common indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes in Hong Kong.



BACKGROUND
2. Enjoyment of food is one of life's pleasures. Sharing a meal is an important part of family life, particularly during festivals. In addition to the enjoyment it provides, food is essential for life as it is the source of energy and nutrients. Energy supports the activities of human body, whereas nutrients are vital for growth of human body, tissue repair and maintenance of good health. Therefore, it is important for the public to know how to get the best from food while enjoying them.

3. Information on nutrient composition of foods is important for the public to make healthy food choices. To establish a database of nutrient composition of local food items for public access, the Food Research Laboratory (FRL) of the Department has been conducting nutrient analysis of indigenous foods since 2002. Previous studies on the nutrient values of local indigenous breakfast foods and Chinese dim sum were completed and released in January 2004 and April 2005, respectively.

4. Congee, rice and noodles are the main staple foods of the local population, and the meal sets with these foods are common food choices among the working population. However, no systematic nutrient analysis of the indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes has been conducted locally. To determine the nutrient content of indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes and facilitate the public making healthier food choices, FEHD initiated a study on the nutrient composition of these foods.

Indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes

5. Indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes generally refer to all dishes with congee, rice and cereal-based noodles as the staple foods. In this report, the indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes referred to the local-style composite dishes with congee, rice and noodles available in local food premises such as tea restaurants (茶餐廳), fast food shops, Chinese restaurants (中式酒樓), Chinese noodle stalls (中式粉麵店) and Chinese congee stalls (中式粥店).

6. Eating out for lunch is very common in the local working population, and congee, rice and noodles are common food choices. The Public Opinion Programme of the University of Hong Kong conducted a survey entitled "The Changing Eating Habits of White-collar Workers" in 2003, and they interviewed 511 white collar workers aged 18-49 by telephone1. In this survey, about 65% of the respondents reported usually eating out for lunch. For those who were eating out for lunch, 72% of them reported having their lunch in local tea restaurants (茶餐廳) and fast food stores, which commonly sold indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes.

7. The nutrient values of the indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes vary greatly, depending on the types and amount of food ingredients, as well as the cooking methods used in food preparation.


Nutrition and noncommunicable diseases

8. In the World Health Report 2002,2 it indicated that mortality, morbidity and disability attributed to major noncommmunicable diseases (NCDs) accounted for about 60% of deaths and 47% of the global burden of disease at that time, and the figures were expected to rise to 73% and 60%, respectively.


9. Nutrition is one of the major lifestyle risk factors related to development of NCDs. Unhealthy diets, together with physical inactivity, are among the leading causes of NCDs, including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer, and contribute substantially to the global burden of disease, death and disability.2 As part of the recommendation for prevention of chronic diseases, the World Health Organization (WHO) and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) proposed a set of population nutrient intakes 3,4 to enhance health (Annex I).

10. Hong Kong, as one of the fast-growing economies, also experiences an increasing burden of NCDs. Diet-related diseases such as cancer, coronary heart diseases, cerebrovascular disease and type 2 diabetes attributed about 60% of deaths in 2003.5 For patients with heart diseases, strokes, diabetes, renal and liver diseases, dietary management is also one of the key elements of disease management and for prevention of complications. Among all nutrients, avoiding excessive dietary intakes of energy, saturated fat, cholesterol, sugars and sodium, as well as increasing the intake of dietary fibre and calcium, are most relevant to the prevention and management of these diet-related diseases.



SCOPE OF STUDY

11. This study mainly covered common indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes sold in Chinese restaurants. With reference to menus collected from local food premises, ninety-five food items were sampled for chemical nutrient analysis, including indigenous congee, rice, noodle dishes, and sauces for "siu-mei" rice dishes. Together with 15 related items analyzed in previous studies, this study presents the nutrient analyses results of 110 food items (Annex II). Chemical analyses were conducted to determine the content of energy and nine nutrients, namely total carbohydrate, protein, total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, dietary fibre, sugars, sodium and calcium.



METHOD

Sampling Plan

12. The food samples were purchased and analyzed from March 2004 to July 2005. For each food item, 10 food samples were randomly purchased from food outlets in 10 different districts that were randomly selected from the 18 districts in Hong Kong. All samples were purchased in the ready-to-serve form for determining the nutrient contents.

Laboratory Analysis

13. The laboratory testing work was conducted by the Food Research Laboratory of FEHD. For each food sample, the edible portion was obtained and homogenized. Appropriate test portions were taken for determining the nutrient profile by chemical analyses. All tests were conducted using single-laboratory validated methods based on international standards. A brief description of the test methods was shown in Annex III.

Data Analysis

14. The nutrient data of food items was presented in both per 100g and per unit basis. For each nutrient, the mean value was reported and corrected to 2 significant figures. If the level of a nutrient was too low for reliable reporting, the term "trace" was indicated (refer to Annex III for details). The term "not determined (ND)" referred to cases where by nature of the food item, testing for the nutrient parameter was not appropriate and/or the nutrient was considered not generally present at a significant level.




RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

15. In this study, nutrient contents of 107 indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes and 3 sauces for siu-mei were examined. The mean values of energy, total carbohydrate, total fat, protein, saturated fat, cholesterol, sugar, dietary fibre, calcium and sodium of the samples in per 100 g and per unit basis are presented in Annex IV and V, respectively.

16. The nutrient contents of the indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes varied depending on the food ingredients and cooking methods, but generally most of them were low in calcium and high in sodium. The mean calcium content of all sampled congee, rice and noodle dishes was 91 mg/unit, which was less than 10% of the FAO/WHO recommended daily intake of calcium, i.e.1000 mg/day. The mean sodium content was about 2200 mg, which exceeded the FAO/WHO recommended daily intake for sodium. The nutrient contents of different types of indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes were shown in Table 1.

Congee dishes

17. In general, the energy content of congee dishes was low compared with other rice and noodle dishes. The mean energy value of the five congee dishes was 260 kcal/unit. The mean energy of congee dishes from total carbohydrate, protein and fat were 41%, 21% and 38%, respectively. The mean sodium and dietary fibre contents of congee were 1100 mg/unit and 1.4 g/unit, respectively (Table 1).

18. The dietary fibre content of congee dishes was low, probably due to its low vegetable content. The mean cholesterol content of congee dishes was 110 mg/unit, but the cholesterol contents of congee with preserved egg and pork (皮蛋瘦肉粥) (200 mg/unit) and congee with pig giblet (及弟粥) (260 mg/unit) were high among the congee dishes. The high cholesterol content of these congee dishes was probably due to the presence of high-cholesterol ingredients such as preserved egg and offals.

Table 1 Mean nutrient contents of the different types of indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes (per unit)

 

Energy
(kcal)

% Energy from

Cholesterol
(mg)

Dietary fibre (g)

Sugars
(g)

Calcium (mg)

Sodium (mg)

Carbo-hydrate

Protein

Total
fat

Saturated fat

Congee dishes
(N=5)

260

41%

21%

38%

7.7%

110

1.4

0.94

45

1100

Noodles-in-soup dishes
(N=45)

470

51%

26%

23%

6.7%

64

3.0

3.4

95

2400

Rice-in-soup dishes
(N=2)

540

65%

20%

15%

4.8%

43

0

1.3

81

1700

Meal set with rice dishes (N=20)

970

55%

16%

29%

8.5%

79

2.6

6.2

74

1600

Fried noodle dishes
(N=24)

1100

45%

14%

41%

7.1%

120

12

6.8

100

2500

Fried rice dishes
(N=11)

1300

54%

14%

32%

6.1%

350

16

7.0

100

2200

Noodles-in-soup dishes

19. The mean energy content of the forty-five noodles-in-soup dishes analysed was 470 kcal/unit, and only 23% of energy came from fat. In general, the cholesterol and saturated fat contents of noodles-in-soup dishes were low. The mean cholesterol level of noodles-in soup dishes was 64 mg/unit and approximately 7% of the energy came from saturated fat. However, some ingredients of noodles-in-soups dishes such as those with instant noodles, beef brisket, cattle offal were high in saturated fat. Noodles-in-soups dishes with egg and offal were also high in cholesterol. The mean sodium and dietary fibre content of noodles-in-soup dishes were 2400 mg/unit and 3 g/unit.

20. Since the soups of the noodles-in-soup dishes are probably made from ingredients high in sodium such as MSG, table salt, and salty meat, consumption of the noodles-in-soup dishes with soup will increase the risk of having excessive intake of sodium, which may lead to the elevation of blood pressure and other adverse effects on the cardiovascular system.

Comparing nutrient contents of noodles-in-soup dishes with different types of noodles
21. The mean nutrient contents of noodles-in-soup dishes with different types of noodles were shown in Table 2. As expected, the energy content, percentage energy from total fat and saturated fat, and the cholesterol content of noodles-in-soup dishes with instant noodles were the highest among the five types of noodles sampled for analysis. It might due to the deep-frying procedures with high-saturated fat cooking oil in the manufacturing process of instant noodles.

22. Comparing the nutrient content of three types of Chinese-style noodles-in-soup dishes (in per unit basis), i.e. wheat noodles (thick and thin), rice vermicelli and rice noodles, the energy contents and percentage energy from total carbohydrate of the noodles-in-soup dishes with rice vermicelli and rice noodles were higher than those with wheat noodles (thick and thin). The total carbohydrate contents of the noodles-in-soup dishes with rice vermicelli and rice noodles (in per 100 g basis) were also higher than those with wheat noodles (thick and thin).

Table 2 Mean nutrient contents of the different types of noodle dishes (per unit)

 

Energy
(kcal)

% Energy from

Cholesterol
(mg)

Dietary fibre (g)

Sugar
(g)

Calcium (mg)

Sodium (mg)

Carbo-

hydrate

Protein

Total
fat

Saturated fat

Noodles-in-soup with instant noodles (n=3)

680

37%

16%

47%

15%

100

1.5

4.4

56

2000

Noodles-in-soup with wheat noodles (thick and thin) (n=21)

420

44%

33%

23%

6.7%

75

2.9

3.7

100

2800

Noodles-in-soup with rice vermicelli (n=11)

480

59%

23%

18%

5.1%

50

2.6

2.9

97

2000

Noodles-in-soup with rice noodles (n=9)

520

63%

18%

19%

5.4%

37

4.3

2.9

95

2000

Noodles-in-soup with udon
(n=1)

410

56%

30%

14%

3.1%

85

Trace

3.1

85

2100

23. The sodium contents of noodles-in-soup dishes with wheat noodles (thick and thin) were higher than other types of noodles. It might be due to the difference in sodium content in noodles and/or the difference of noodles in absorbing sodium or high-sodium condiments.

Rice-in-soup dishes

24. The mean energy content of the two rice-in-soup dishes items was 540 kcal/unit, and the energy of rice-in-soup dishes from total carbohydrate, protein and fat were 65%, 20% and 15%, respectively. The sodium content of rice-in-soup dishes were 1700 mg/unit, and only trace amount of dietary fibre was detected in these samples. Although they lacked dietary fibre and high in sodium, total fat content of rice-in-soup dishes was low.

Meal sets with rice dishes

25. The mean energy content of meal sets with rice dishes was 970 kcal/unit. On average, the energy of them from the total carbohydrate, protein and total fat were 55%, 16% and 29%, respectively. Again, the energy contents of the meal sets with rice dishes indicated that the average portion size was large for one person, when reference was made to an adult requiring 2000 kcal energy per day.

26. The dietary fibre content of these foods varied, but the mean dietary fibre content of these foods was 2.6 g/unit, which was on the low side. The mean sodium content of the meal sets with rice dishes was 1600 mg/unit, which is over 80% of the FAO/WHO's recommended daily intake.

Steamed rice versus fried rice dishes

27. The nutrient content of the steamed rice with stir-fried tomato and sliced beef (蕃茄牛肉, 配白飯) and the fried rice with stir-fried tomato and sliced beef (蕃茄牛肉, 配炒飯) was shown in Table 3.

28. The result illustrated that the fried rice with stir-fried tomato and sliced beef was higher in energy, total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium when compared with that with steamed rice, which might be due to the use of cooking oil, egg yolk and high-sodium condiments.

Table 3 Nutrient contents of the stir-fried tomato and sliced beef with steamed rice and fried rice dishes

 

Energy
(kcal)

Energy from

Chol
(mg)

Sodium
(mg)

Total
fat

Saturated fat

Steamed rice with stir-fried tomato and sliced beef

940

13%

3.3%

160

1600

Fried rice with stir-fried tomato and sliced beef

1200

29%

7.1%

240

2300

The effects of sauces on the nutrient content of steamed rice with "sui-mei" (燒味)
29. The siu-mei sauce (燒味汁), plum sauce (酸梅醬) and ginger puree (薑蓉) were commonly consumed with siu-mei products. In this study, the nutrient content of these sauces were analysed. The nutrient contents of the sauces for the steamed rice with siu-mei were shown in Table 4.

Table 4 Nutrient contents of the sauces for steamed rice with "siu-mei"

 

Energy
(kcal)

Total
fat (g)

Sodium
(mg)

"Siu-mei" sauce, 1 tablespoon

9.5

0.045

290

Plum sauce, 1 tablespoon

46

0.14

320

Ginger puree, 1 tablespoon

86

9

360

30. The addition of these sauces mainly affected the sodium content of the steamed rice with siu-mei dishes. Each tablespoon of siu-mei sauce contained 290 mg sodium. The sodium content of each tablespoon of plum sauce and ginger puree were 320 mg and 360 mg, respectively. For instance, the addition of 3 tablespoon of siu-mei sauce and 1 tablespoon of plum sauces to the steamed rice with roasted goose (燒鵝飯) would give extra 1200 mg of sodium.

31. Moreover, each tablespoon of ginger puree contained 9 g total fat and 86 kcal energy. The addition of one tablespoon of ginger puree to the steamed rice with steamed plain chicken or steamed soy sauce chicken (白切雞/豉油雞飯) would give extra 9 g of fat. With the addition of 1 tablespoon of ginger puree, the energy of the steamed rice with steamed plain chicken from fat would be increased from 29% to 34%, and that of the steamed rice with steamed soy sauce chicken would be increased from 28% to 35%.


Fried noodle dishes

32. Compared with noodles-in-soup dishes, fried noodle dishes generally provided more energy and fat. The mean energy content of fried noodle dishes was 1100 kcal/unit. On average, the percentage energy of fried noodles from total carbohydrate, protein and total fat were 45%, 14% and 41%, respectively. The mean cholesterol, sodium and dietary fibre contents of fried noodle items were 120 mg/unit, 2500 mg/unit and 12 g/unit, respectively.


33. The energy content of fried noodle dishes indicated that the portion size of some fried noodle dishes might be too large for one person. With reference to an adult requiring 2000 kcal per day, on average per unit of fried noodle item provided more than half of the energy requirement. The percentage energy of total fat content of fried noodle dishes was the highest among the types of foods analysed in this study. In general, a substantial amount of cooking oil would be added to the fried noodle dishes during cooking. Furthermore, some types of noodles such as E-Fu noodles (伊麵), instant noodles and deep-fried noodles, were deep-fried in the manufacturing process, thus resulting in high total fat content.

34. Except one, the sodium content of all fried noodle dishes exceeded 2000 mg, which was the daily intake of sodium recommended by FAO/WHO. It reflected that the use of high-sodium condiments such as salt and monosodiumglutamate (MSG) was quite common and large amount of such condiments might be used in the fried noodle dishes cooking process.

35. Though most of the fried noodle dishes were low in cholesterol, the cholesterol content of some fried noodle dishes such as fried noodles with preserved black bean, assorted pepper and squid (豉椒魷魚炒麵) and fried noodles with preserved vegetable and squid (味菜魷魚炒麵) exceeded FAO/WHO's population intake goal for cholesterol (300 mg/day) (Annex I). It might be due to the use of high-cholesterol ingredients such as squid and animal fat during cooking.


Fried rice dishes

36. On average, fried rice dishes provided 1300 kcal/unit, and the energy of fried rice dishes from total carbohydrate, protein and fat were 54%, 14% and 32% respectively. With reference to an adult requiring 2000 kcal energy per day, it seemed that the portion size of fried rice items might be too large for one person.

37. The mean cholesterol and sodium content of fried rice dishes were 350 mg/unit and 2200 mg/unit, which exceeded the FAO/WHO recommendations on the daily intake of these two nutrients (cholesterol: less than 300 mg per day; sodium: less than 2000 mg per day). Among the eleven fried rice dishes analysed, the cholesterol content of seven dishes (64%) and the sodium content of nine dishes (82%) exceeded the FAO/WHO recommendations. It might be due to the high-cholesterol ingredients such as egg yolk and high-sodium condiments such as salt and MSG.

38. The nutrient profile of fried rice with egg white and dried scallop (瑤柱蛋白炒飯) was a bit different from other fried rice dishes. Its total fat, saturated fat and cholesterol contents were lower than other fried rice dishes. However, its sodium content was still high (2100 mg/unit).

Limitations of the study

39. The nutritional risks associated with the consumption of indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes were evaluated in this study. Owing to the lack of comprehensive food consumption data in Hong Kong, the nutrient intake of the whole population and population subgroups from these sources could not be quantified, and the evaluation was based on the nutrient composition of these food items only.


40. In addition, there was variability in the composition of foods. The composition of processed foods varied due to variations in the composition of ingredients and changes in formulation. Indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes, being composite dishes, showed even greater variation in composition. Apart from the variations in the composition of ingredients and change in formulation, the recipe formulation and actual cooking method are the major sources of variation.6

 



CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

41. This study provided data on the nutrient content of common indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes in Hong Kong. As mentioned before, congee, rice and noodle dishes are the main staples among Hong Kong people. Due to the busy lifestyle, many people in Hong Kong have to eat out at lunch and dinner. Congee, rice and noodle dishes, sold typically in local tea restaurants, Chinese restaurants, Chinese noodle stalls, Chinese congee stalls and fast food shops, are popular, economical, convenient and tasty choices to cater the basic nutrition needs of the majority of the work force, as well as other population subgroups which are unable to enjoy homemade food at times.

42. In terms of the nutrient content, these foods are the main contributors of energy and marco-nutrients (e.g. carbohydrates, protein and fat), in the diet of most Hong Kong people. The vast majority of the items we analysed had "carbohydrate" as the main source of energy, which rendered them consistent with one of the basic principles of healthy diet. However, most items contained high level of sodium and low level of calcium. As these minerals are known to play an important role in the control of blood pressure and maintenance of bone health, proper dietary measures need to be taken to offset these negative effects, especially for the frequent patrons.

43. Similar to other composite dishes, the nutrient content of indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes varied with the ingredients chosen, as well as the cooking methods. Though some of the foods contained low level of calcium, and high levels of sodium and fat, a balanced diet could still be achieved by choosing foods carefully and complementing the diet with other foods. Since the energy content of individual servings of foods varied greatly, patrons who consume meals alone might consider the energy content of foods and their own energy requirement while choosing foods, so as to avoid excessive intake of energy or food wastage. Overall, the keys to maintain a healthy diet are balancing the diet by choosing a wide variety of foods and spreading food consumption over the day.


Advice to consumers

44. From the nutritional point of view, there is no good or bad food. As the nutrient contents of various types of food vary, choosing different types of food in suitable amount is a simple way to get a wide range of essential nutrients, and thus avoid nutritional problems. People with particular nutrition concern should pay attention to the nutrient content of foods, while choosing or ordering foods. For instance, individuals who are advised to reduce sodium intake should choose foods with less sodium.

General advices on ordering indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes

45. Although some of the indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes were found to be high in total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium, and low in calcium and dietary fibre, a reasonably balanced diet can still be achieved if careful food choices are made. To maintain a balanced diet, patrons having indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes are advised to -

(a.) Consume suitable amount of food according to your need and may consider sharing foods with friends and colleagues to avoid wastage;
(b.) Choose the foods with adequate amount of vegetables and cooked by low-fat cooking methods such as steaming, boiling and broiling;
(c.) Choose steamed rice instead of fried rice for the meal set with rice for patrons who want to cut down energy and fat intakes; and
(d.) Have 1 to 2 servings of low-fat skimmed dairy products, calcium-fortified soybean milk/orange jucie, and plenty of calcium-rich foods for the rest of the day to ensure adequate intake of calcium.



Advice for trade

46. As mentioned earlier, the energy content of many food items such as fried rice, fried noodles and meal sets with rice dishes analysed were excessive with reference to an adult requiring 2000 kcal per day, which implied that the portion sizes of these foods provided by the food premises were too large for one person in most cases. Members of trade were advised to provide foods with different portion sizes, maintaining same proportion of staple foods and other ingredients, to suit individual needs and minimize food wastage.

47. It is recommended that the owners of food premises should try to modify the recipes of congee, rice and noodle dishes to increase the dietary fibre level and lower the sodium level in foods. It can be achieved by providing more vegetables in the dishes, serving the sauces separately if possible, and reducing the use of high sodium condiments. Moreover, it is advisable to reduce the total fat content of fried noodle dishes by decreasing the amount of cooking oil used and trimming visible fat of meat.

48. For the meal set with rice, it is recommended to serve the rice and the sauces separately from other food ingredients to allow customers to decide the amount of sauces to be consumed with rice.

49. Members of trade may also consider providing more food items high in dietary fibre and calcium in the food premises. For example, sliced fruits and calcium-fortified soy milk would be two good choices.


Uploading the information onto the Department's website

50. Apart from this written report, the mean nutrient values (energy, available carbohydrate, protein, total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, sugars, dietary fibre, calcium and sodium) of per 100 g of the indigenous congee, rice and noodle dishes studied will also be uploaded onto the Nutrition Information Inquiry System (NIIS) of the Department's website for public access.


REFERENCES
   
1 CHUNG RTY. Changing eating habits of the white-collars - under economic stress and SARS. The Public Opinion Programme, the University of Hong Kong, 2003.[Available at: www.hkupop.hku.hk]
   
2 World Health Organization (WHO). The world health report 2002: reducing risks, promoting healthy life. Geneva: WHO, 2002.
   
3 Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)/WHO. Joint WHO/FAO expert consultation on diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases. Geneva: WHO, 2003.
   
4 FAO/WHO. Human vitamin and mineral requirements. Report of a joint FAO/WHO expert consultation. Rome: FAO, 2001.
   
5 Department of Health. Number of deaths by leading causes of death by sex and age, 2003.
[Available at: http://www.info.gov.hk/dh/useful/stat/tenleadingcause.htm]
   
6 Greenfield G, Southgate DAT. Food composition data. Production, management and use, 2nd edition. Rome:FAO, 2003.
   

 

Recommendations of WHO and FAO on Nutrient Intakes

In 2003, WHO and FAO updated the technical report entitled "Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases"1. In this report, a series of population nutrient intake goals for preventing diet-related chronic disease was established, and they are presented in Table 1.

Table 1 Ranges of population

Total fat
15-30% of total daily energy intake
  Saturated fatty acids
< 10% of total daily energy intake
  Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs)
6-10% of total daily energy intake
  Trans fatty acids
<1% of total daily energy intake
  Monounsaturated fatty acid
By difference #
Total carbohydrate
55-75% of total daily energy intake
Protein
10-15% of total daily energy intake
Cholesterol
< 300 mg/day
Sodium chloride (sodium)
< 5 g/day (< 2 g/day)
Fruit and vegetable
>= 400 g/day
Total dietary fibre
>25 g/day
# This is calculated as: total fat - (saturated fatty acids + polyundaturated fatty acids + trans fatty acids)

(Source: FAO/WHO, 2003 1)


The population nutrient intake goals were set up for consideration by national and regional bodies establishing dietary recommendations for the prevention of diet-related chronic diseases. It represents the population average intake that is judged to be consistent with the maintenance of a low prevalence of diet-related diseases in a population1. If existing population averages fall outside this range, or trends in intake suggest that the population average will move outside the range, health concerns are likely to arise.

However, no population nutrient intake goal for calcium was established by FAO/WHO in this report. In another report of a joint FAO/WHO expert consultation entitled "Human vitamin and mineral requirements"2, the data of balanced studies and factors affecting the calcium requirement of human were reviewed. Based on the available data, the experts of FAO/WHO agreed to set the recommended calcium allowance of 1000 mg/day for adults2. The recommended calcium allowances of individuals in developed countries at different stages of life cycle were shown in Table 2.

Table 2 Recommended calcium allowance (daily) of individuals in developed countries established by FAO/WHO

 
Goal (mg)
0-6 months, human breast milk

300

0-6 months, cow milk

400

7-11 months

400

1-3 years

500

4-6 years

600

7-9 years

700

Adolescents, 10-18 years

1300 1

Female adults, 19 years to menopause

1000

Female adults, postmenopausal

1300

Male adults, 19-65 years

1000

Male adults, >65 years

1300

Pregnancy (last trimester)

1200

Lactation

1000

1 Particularly during growth spurt  
(Source: FAO, 2001 2)
 

Reference for Annex I
1. FAO/WHO. Joint WHO/FAO Expert consultation on diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases. Geneva: WHO, 2003.
2. FAO/WHO. Human vitamin and mineral requirements. Report of a joint FAO/WHO expert consultation. Rome: FAO, 2001.


Indigenous Congee, Rice and Noodle Dishes presented in this Study

Congee Dishes ()

 

1.

Plain congee

白粥

2.

Congee with preserved egg and pork

皮蛋瘦肉粥

3.

Congee with dried fish, peanut and pork

柴魚花生粥

4.

Boat congee

艇仔粥

5.

Congee with pig giblets

及第粥

     

Noodles-in-soup Dishes (湯粉麵)

 

1.

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with meat and vegetable dumpling

水餃湯粗麵條

2.

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with wonton

雲吞湯粗麵條

3.

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with wonton

雲吞湯幼麵條

4.

Rice vermicelli in soup with wonton

雲吞湯米粉

5.

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with wonton

雲吞湯河粉

6.

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with "Yu-pei-gau"

(meat dumpling with fish wrap)

魚皮餃湯河粉

7.

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with "Yu-pei-gau"

(meat dumpling with fish wrap)

魚皮餃湯幼麵條

8.

Rice vermicelli in soup with "Yu-pei-gau"

(meat dumpling with fish wrap)

魚皮餃湯米粉

9.

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with "Yu-pei-gau"

(meat dumpling with fish wrap)

魚皮餃湯粗麵條

10.

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with stewed beef brisket

牛腩湯粗麵條

11.

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with stewed beef brisket

牛腩湯幼麵條

12.

Rice vermicelli in soup with stewed beef brisket

牛腩湯米粉

13.

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with stewed beef brisket

牛腩湯河粉

14.

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with beef tendon

牛筋湯河粉

15.

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with beef tendon

牛筋湯幼麵條

16.

Rice vermicelli in soup with beef tendon

牛筋湯米粉

17.

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with beef tendon

牛筋湯粗麵條

18.

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with cattle tripe

牛肚(胃)湯粗麵條

19.

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with cattle offal

牛雜(內臟)湯粗麵條

20.

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with beef ball

牛丸湯河粉

21.

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with beef ball

牛丸湯幼麵條

22.

Rice vermicelli in soup with beef ball

牛丸湯米粉

23.

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with beef ball

牛丸湯粗麵條

24.

Rice vermicelli in soup with fish ball

魚蛋湯米粉

25.

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with fish ball

魚蛋湯河粉

26.

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with fish ball

魚蛋湯粗麵條

27.

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with fish ball

魚蛋湯幼麵條

28.

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with sliced "fish cake"

魚片湯河粉

29.

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with sliced "fish cake"

魚片湯幼麵條

30.

Rice vermicelli in soup with sliced "fish cake"

魚片湯米粉

31.

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with sliced "fish cake"

魚片湯粗麵條

32.

Rice vermicelli in soup with cuttlefish ball

墨魚丸湯米粉

33.

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with cuttlefish ball

墨魚丸湯河粉

34.

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with cuttlefish ball

墨魚丸湯粗麵條

35.

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with cuttlefish ball

墨魚丸湯幼麵條

36.

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with "pork and Chinese mushroom ball"

貢丸湯河粉

37.

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with "pork and Chinese mushroom ball"

貢丸湯幼麵條

38.

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with "pork and Chinese mushroom ball"

貢丸湯粗麵條

39.

Rice vermicelli in soup with "pork and Chinese mushroom ball"

貢丸湯米粉

40.

Rice vermicelli in soup with sliced freshwater fish

鮮魚片湯米粉

41.

Rice vermicelli in soup with preserved mustard green and shredded pork

雪菜肉絲湯米粉

42.

Instant noodles in soup with luncheon meat and egg

餐肉蛋即食麵

43.

Instant noodles in soup with spicy minced pork

五香肉丁即食麵

44.

Instant noodles in soup with satay beef

沙爹牛肉即食麵

45.

Udon in soup with assorted seafood

什錦海鮮湯烏冬

     

Fried Noodle Dishes (炒粉麵)

 

1.

Fried noodles with soya sauce

豉油皇炒麵

2.

Fried vermicelli

炒米粉

3.

Fried rice vermicelli in Singapore-style

星州炒米粉

4.

Fried rice vermicelli in Xiamen-style

廈門炒米粉

5.

Stewed rice vermicelli with preserved mustard green and shredded roasted duck

雪菜燒鴨絲炆米粉

6.

Stewed rice vermicelli with preserved mustard green and shredded pork

雪菜豬肉絲炆米粉

7.

Fried rice noodles with assorted meat, seafood and chilli sauce (Thai-style)

炒貴刁

8.

Fried rice noodles with sliced beef

乾炒牛肉河粉

9.

Fried rice noodles with sliced beef and assorted vegetable

時菜牛肉炒河粉

10.

Fried noodles with vegetable and beef

時菜牛肉炒麵

11.

Fried noodles with vegetable and sliced pork

時菜豬肉片炒麵

12.

Fried noodles with vegetable and spare rib

時菜排骨炒麵

13.

Fried noodles with preserved vegetable and sliced pork

味菜豬肉片炒麵

14.

Fried noodles with preserved vegetable and spare rib

味菜排骨炒麵

15.

Fried noodles with preserved vegetable and squid

味菜魷魚炒麵

16.

Fried noodles with preserved black bean, assorted pepper and beef

豉椒牛肉炒麵

17.

Fried noodles with preserved black bean, assorted pepper and sliced pork

豉椒豬肉片炒麵

18.

Fried noodles with preserved black bean, assorted pepper and spare rib

豉椒排骨炒麵

19.

Fried noodles with preserved black bean, assorted pepper and squid

豉椒魷魚炒麵

20.

Fried noodles with bitter melon and beef

涼瓜牛肉炒麵

21.

Fried noodles with bitter melon and sliced pork

涼瓜豬肉片炒麵

22.

Fried instant noodles with pork chop

豬扒炒即食麵

23.

Braised E-Fu noodles

干燒伊麵

24.

Fried Udon with seafood

海鮮炒烏冬

     

Rice-in-soup Dishes (湯飯)

 

1.

Rice in soup with winter melon and diced pork

冬瓜肉粒湯飯

2.

Rice in soup with dried fish and minced pork

方魚肉碎湯飯

     

Fried Rice Dishes (炒飯)

 

1.

Fried rice in Yangzhou-style

揚州炒飯

2.

Fried rice in Fujian-style

福建炒飯

3.

Fried rice with shredded chicken and shrimp

鴛鴦炒飯

4.

Fried rice with pork & tomato sauce

西炒飯

5.

Fried rice with diced chicken and salted fish

鹹魚雞粒炒飯

6.

Fried rice with diced chicken and dried octopus

鱆魚雞粒炒飯

7.

Fried rice with diced chicken and pineapple

波蘿雞粒炒飯

8.

Fried rice with egg white and dried scallop

瑤柱蛋白炒飯

9.

Fried rice with shredded beef & lettuce

生炒牛肉飯

10.

Fried rice with shredded chicken

生炒雞絲飯

11.

Fried rice with stir-fried tomato and sliced beef

鮮茄牛肉配炒飯

     
     

Meal Set with Rice Dishes ("碟頭飯")

 

1.

Steamed rice with curry beef brisket

咖哩牛腩飯

2.

Steamed rice with stewed beef brisket and radish

燜蘿蔔牛腩飯

3.

Steamed rice with satay beef

沙爹牛肉飯

4.

Steamed rice with stir-fried vegetable and sliced beef

時菜牛肉飯

5.

Steamed rice with stir-fried vegetable and sliced pork

時菜豬肉片飯

6.

Steamed rice with diced pork and sweet corn

粟米肉粒飯

7.

Baked pork chop with rice

焗豬扒飯

8.

Steamed rice with beancurd sheet and roasted pork

枝竹火腩(燒肉)飯

9.

Steamed rice with stir-fried tomato and sliced beef

鮮茄牛肉飯

10.

Steamed rice with stir-fried egg and shrimp

滑蛋蝦仁飯

11.

Steamed rice with stewed eggplant and shredded salty fish

魚香茄子飯

12.

Steamed rice with chicken and winter mushroom

冬菰蒸雞飯

13.

Steamed rice with pork rib, chicken leg and black bean sauce

豉汁鳳爪排骨飯

14.

Steamed minced pork and dried squid with rice

土魷(魷魚)蒸肉餅飯

15.

Steamed grass carp with rice

蒸鯇魚飯

16.

Steamed rice with barbecued pork

叉燒飯

17.

Steamed rice with roasted pork

燒肉飯

18.

Steamed rice with steamed plain chicken

白切雞飯

19.

Steamed rice with steamed soy sauce chicken

豉油雞飯

20.

Steamed rice with roasted goose

燒鵝飯

     

Sauces (醬汁)

 

1.

Sauce for "Sui Mei"

燒味汁

2.

Ginger puree

薑蓉

3.

Plum sauce

酸梅醬



Testing Methods for Determining Nutrient Contents in Foods

Test methods
Single-laboratory validated test methods based on the following references -
Nutrient parameter Reference
Cholesterol AOAC 994.10
Dietary fibre AOAC 985.29
Total nitrogen (for protein) AOAC 992.15 and AOAC 992.23
Saturated fatty acids AOAC 996.06
Total fat AOAC 922.06
Moisture International Standard ISO 1442:1997
Total ash International Standard ISO 936:1998
Sugars AOAC 977.20, AOAC 980.13 and AOAC 982.14
Nutritional elements Acid digestion followed by ICP-OES* determination

Note: All AOAC Official Methods quoted are referred to AOAC Official Method, 17th edition, 2000 AOAC INTERNATIONAL.

* ICP-OES refers to inductively coupled plasma - optical emission spectrometry


Nutrient parameters by calculation
(a) Energy is calculated as the sum of contents of total fat, protein and carbohydrate multiplying their corresponding conversion factors (i.e. carbohydrate: 4kcal/g, protein: 4kcal/g, fat: 9kcal/g).
(b) Total carbohydrate is calculated by subtracting the sum of moisture, ash, total fat and protein from the total weight of the food sample.
(c) Protein is calculated by multiplying the content of total nitrogen in the food sample with the conversion factor of 6.25.
(d) Saturated fat is the sum of 13 saturated fatty acids including C4:0, C6:0, C8:0, C10:0, C12:0, C14:0, C15:0, C16:0, C17:0, C18:0, C20:0, C22:0 and C24:0.
(e) Sugar is the sum of individual sugars including fructose, glucose, sucrose, maltose and lactose.

The definition of "trace"

Nutrient parameter Range of "trace" per
100 g
Range of "trace" per
100 ml
Protein 0.1 - 0.3 g 0.1 - 0.3 g
Total fat 0.1 - 0.3 g 0.1 - 0.3 g
Saturated fat    
C4:0 0.0005 - 0.002 g 0.0005 - 0.002 g
C6:0 0.004 - 0.01 g 0.004 - 0.01 g
C8:0 0.005 - 0.02 g 0.005 - 0.02 g
C10:0 0.002 - 0.006 g 0.002 - 0.006 g
C12:0 0.001 - 0.003 g 0.001 - 0.003 g
C14:0 0.002 - 0.006 g 0.002 - 0.006 g
C15:0 0.002 - 0.006 g 0.002 - 0.006 g
C16:0 0.002 - 0.005 g 0.002 - 0.005 g
C17:0 0.002 - 0.005 g 0.002 - 0.005 g
C18:0 0.002 - 0.006 g 0.002 - 0.006 g
C20:0 0.001 - 0.004 g 0.001 - 0.004 g
C22:0 0.002 - 0.007 g 0.002 - 0.007 g
C24:0 0.002 - 0.008 g 0.002 - 0.008 g
Dietary fibre 0.4 - 1 g 0.4 - 1 g
Cholesterol 0.02 - 0.06 mg 0.02 - 0.06 mg
Sodium 2 - 5 mg 2 - 5 mg
Calcium 0.4 - 1 mg 0.4 - 1 mg

 

Annex IV

Nutrient Contents of Indigenous Congee, Rice and Noodle Dishes (per 100 g)

Food Item Description

Energy (kcal)

Total CHO (g)

Protein (g)

Total Fat (g)

Saturated Fat (g)

Chol (mg)

Sugars (g)

Dietary fiber (g)

Calcium (mg)

Sodium (mg)

Congee Dishes ()

                   

Plain congee (白粥)

32

5.8

0.71

0.69

0.099

ND

0

0

5.5

29

Congee with preserved egg and pork (皮蛋瘦肉粥)

56

4.8

3.4

2.5

0.61

42

0.1

Trace

9.8

280

Congee with dried fish, peanut and pork (柴魚花生粥)

64

5.5

3.2

3.3

0.55

8.2

0.2

1.5

18

240

Boat congee (艇仔粥)

66

6.8

2.9

3.1

0.5

15

0.33

Trace

7.6

280

Congee with pig giblets (及第粥)

63

5.8

4.5

2.5

0.6

52

0.37

Trace

7.6

310

                     

Noodles-in-soup Dishes (湯粉麵)

                   

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with meat and vegetable dumpling (水餃湯粗麵條)

66

8.1

4.8

1.6

0.47

13

0.57

Trace

15

440

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with wonton (雲吞湯粗麵條)

67

7.5

5.3

1.8

0.43

15

0.7

Trace

16

460

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with wonton (雲吞湯幼麵條)

71

7.5

5.2

2.2

0.55

17

0.73

Trace

17

460

Rice vermicelli in soup with wonton (雲吞湯米粉)

72

11

3.3

1.6

0.47

10

0.45

Trace

16

290

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with wonton (雲吞湯河粉)

79

13

2.8

1.8

0.46

6.6

0.43

Trace

14

260

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with "Yu-pei-gau" (meat

dumpling with fish wrap) (魚皮餃湯河粉)

83

13

2.4

2.3

0.57

2.8

0.31

1.2

14

260

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with "Yu-pei-gau" (meat

dumpling with fish wrap) (魚皮餃湯幼麵條)

70

7.8

4.4

2.3

0.53

8.2

0.46

Trace

14

410

Rice vermicelli in soup with "Yu-pei-gau" (meat dumpling

with fish wrap) (魚皮餃湯米粉)

85

12

3.3

2.6

0.66

6.1

0.41

1.1

15

320

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with "Yu-pei-gau" (meat dumpling with fish wrap) (魚皮餃湯粗麵條)

86

8.7

5

3.5

0.85

10

0.47

1.3

21

460

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with stewed beef brisket

(牛腩湯粗麵條)

84

7.9

7.5

2.5

0.95

15

0.74

1.3

12

480

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with stewed beef brisket

(牛腩湯幼麵條)

86

7.6

7.9

2.7

1

18

0.71

1.4

11

490

Rice vermicelli in soup with stewed beef brisket (牛腩湯米粉)

87

10

7

2.1

0.77

11

0.73

1.2

13

270

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with stewed beef brisket

(牛腩湯河粉)

93

12

5.6

2.6

0.95

9.5

0.73

1.9

12

270

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with beef tendon (牛筋湯河粉)

83

11

6.7

1.3

0.37

10

0.44

1.1

10

310

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with beef tendon (牛筋湯幼麵條)

77

6.9

9

1.5

0.4

15

0.65

1.2

12

510

Rice vermicelli in soup with beef tendon (牛筋湯米粉)

80

9.1

7.8

1.3

0.42

12

0.71

Trace

11

360

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with beef tendon (牛筋湯粗麵條)

77

6.8

8.8

1.6

0.46

14

0.68

1.2

13

500

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with cattle tripe

(牛肚(胃)湯粗麵條)

61

7

6

1

0.32

22

0.7

Trace

17

480

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with cattle offal

(牛雜(內臟)湯粗麵條)

73

6.8

6.4

2.2

1.1

20

0.62

0

15

500

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with beef ball (牛丸湯河粉)

65

11

2.9

0.99

0.31

2.9

0.37

Trace

10

270

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with beef ball (牛丸湯幼麵條)

63

7.4

5.3

1.3

0.37

8.4

0.53

Trace

14

440

Rice vermicelli in soup with beef ball (牛丸湯米粉)

67

11

3.6

0.99

0.3

4.3

0.41

Trace

14

340

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with beef ball (牛丸湯粗麵條)

63

7.3

5.2

1.4

0.39

6.7

0.53

Trace

15

460

Rice vermicelli in soup with fish ball (魚蛋湯米粉)

58

9.5

3.5

0.69

0.17

6.2

0.36

Trace

29

260

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with fish ball (魚蛋湯河粉)

63

11

2.8

0.67

0.16

2.3

0.4

Trace

28

280

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with fish ball (魚蛋湯粗麵條)

55

7.3

4.8

0.78

0.19

7.8

0.46

Trace

28

410

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with fish ball (魚蛋湯幼麵條)

55

7.2

4.8

0.81

0.19

8

0.56

Trace

31

410

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with sliced "fish cake"

(魚片湯河粉)

62

11

2.5

0.72

0.16

1.6

0.24

Trace

17

330

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with sliced "fish cake"

(魚片湯幼麵條)

56

7.1

4.8

0.93

0.19

4.4

0.36

Trace

20

520

Rice vermicelli in soup with sliced "fish cake" (魚片湯米粉)

61

10

3.1

0.78

0.18

3

0.51

Trace

18

350

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with sliced "fish cake"

(魚片湯粗麵條)

55

7.2

4.6

0.88

0.18

6.9

0.58

Trace

20

500

Rice vermicelli in soup with cuttlefish ball (墨魚丸湯米粉)

64

10

3.1

1.1

0.37

12

0.12

Trace

9.5

300

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with cuttlefish ball

(墨魚丸湯河粉)

67

11

2.3

1.3

0.4

8.9

0.34

Trace

9.1

290

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with cuttlefish ball

(墨魚丸湯粗麵條)

58

7

4.5

1.3

0.35

16

0.61

Trace

12

470

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with cuttlefish ball

(墨魚丸湯幼麵條)

59

7.2

4.6

1.3

0.35

16

0.66

Trace

12

480

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with "pork and Chinese

mushroom ball" (貢丸湯河粉)

81

12

2.8

2.2

0.62

3.5

0.53

1.4

9.1

310

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with "pork and Chinese

mushroom ball" (貢丸湯幼麵條)

73

8.2

4.5

2.5

0.66

7.9

0.68

1.8

15

440

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with "pork and Chinese

mushroom ball" (貢丸湯粗麵條)

68

7.9

4.6

2

0.53

7.7

0.65

1.5

14

420

Rice vermicelli in soup with "pork and Chinese mushroom ball" (貢丸湯米粉)

72

11

3.3

1.6

0.44

5.3

0.48

1.1

12

330

Rice vermicelli in soup with sliced freshwater fish

(鮮魚片湯米粉)

67

10

3.8

1.1

0.27

10

0.14

Trace

11

230

Rice vermicelli in soup with preserved mustard green and shredded pork (雪菜肉絲湯米粉)

84

14

3

1.7

0.34

0.48

0.46

1.3

12

360

Instant noodles in soup with luncheon meat and egg

(餐肉蛋即食麵)

150

13

4.9

8.4

2.7

41

0.52

Trace

14

400

Instant noodles in soup with spicy minced pork

(五香肉丁即食麵)

160

14

6.6

8.2

2.8

17

1.2

1

11

460

Instant noodles in soup with satay beef (沙爹牛肉即食麵)

130

13

5.8

5.5

1.8

7.4

1.1

Trace

11

440

Udon in soup with assorted seafood (什錦海鮮湯烏冬)

58

8.1

4.4

0.9

0.2

12

0.43

Trace

12

290

                     

Fried Noodle Dishes (炒粉麵)

                   

Fried noodles with soya sauce (豉油皇炒麵)

170

25

5.8

5.2

0.77

1.3

0.94

1.6

17

510

Fried vermicelli (炒米粉)

160

27

3.7

4.7

0.64

3.7

0.61

1.3

17

390

Fried rice vermicelli in Singapore-style (星州炒米粉)

180

19

6.3

8.4

1.6

45

0.95

3.6

21

350

Fried rice vermicelli in Xiamen-style (廈門炒米粉)

170

22

5.7

6.4

1.3

43

4.1

2.1

21

340

Stewed rice vermicelli with preserved mustard green and shredded roasted duck (雪菜燒鴨絲炆米粉)

140

18

4.8

5.3

1

11

0.72

2.5

14

400

Stewed rice vermicelli with preserved mustard green and

Shredded pork (雪菜豬肉絲炆米粉)

120

17

4.2

4

0.68

4.8

0.74

2.1

16

390

Fried rice noodles with assorted meat, seafood and chilli sauce (Thai-style) (炒貴刁)

160

23

4.2

6

1.2

30

0.86

1

14

350

Fried rice noodles with sliced beef(乾炒牛肉河粉)

150

22

4

5.1

0.78

6.9

0.72

2.2

10

350

Fried rice noodles with sliced beef and assorted vegetable

(時菜牛肉炒河粉)

130

19

3.5

4.6

0.67

2.6

0.34

1.9

15

250

Fried noodles with vegetable and beef (時菜牛肉炒麵)

170

17

7.2

8.3

1.2

10

0.61

2.2

18

410

Fried noodles with vegetable and sliced pork (時菜豬肉片炒麵)

170

17

6.9

8

1.2

10

0.48

1.6

18

350

Fried noodles with vegetable and spare rib (時菜排骨炒麵)

200

17

8.1

11

2.1

20

0.62

1.1

29

370

Fried noodles with preserved vegetable and sliced pork

(味菜豬肉片炒麵)

170

17

5.8

8.6

1.4

12

1.7

2.4

12

380

Fried noodles with preserved vegetable and spare rib

(味菜排骨炒麵)

190

17

6.7

10

2

19

1.9

2.2

17

460

Fried noodles with preserved vegetable and squid

(味菜魷魚炒麵)

150

16

5.5

7.4

1.2

44

1.5

2.3

14

380

Fried noodles with preserved black bean, assorted pepper

and beef (豉椒牛肉炒麵)

180

18

6.6

8.7

1.4

12

0.83

1.2

14

420

Fried noodles with preserved black bean, assorted pepper

and sliced pork (豉椒豬肉片炒麵)

170

17

6.7

8.7

1.4

12

1

1.3

13

420

Fried noodles with preserved black bean, assorted pepper

and spare rib (豉椒排骨炒麵)

220

18

7.6

13

2.3

20

1.1

1.3

17

410

Fried noodles with preserved black bean, assorted pepper

and squid (豉椒魷魚炒麵)

170

17

6.7

7.7

1.3

51

0.85

1.4

16

390

Fried noodles with bitter melon and beef (涼瓜牛肉炒麵)

180

17

6.4

9.7

1.5

11

0.8

2.3

12

450

Fried noodles with bitter melon and sliced pork

(涼瓜豬肉片炒麵)

180

18

6.5

9.3

1.4

12

0.81

2.8

12

410

Fried instant noodles with pork chop (豬扒炒即食麵)

230

19

8.9

13

3.2

17

0.79

1.2

17

480

Braised E-Fu noodles (干燒伊麵)

200

20

5

11

1.6

10

0.94

1.7

13

420

Fried Udon with seafood (海鮮炒烏冬)

120

17

5.9

2.9

0.5

14

0.79

2.3

17

370

                     

Rice-in-soup Dishes (湯飯)

                   

Rice in soup with winter melon and diced pork (冬瓜肉粒湯飯)

81

15

3.9

0.71

0.23

6.1

0.23

Trace

5.7

210

Rice in soup with dried fish and minced pork (方魚肉碎湯飯)

73

10

3.8

2

0.61

6.2

0.13

0

19

270

                     

Fried Rice Dishes (炒飯)

                   

Fried rice in Yangzhou-style (揚州炒飯)

200

25

7

7.9

1.6

75

0.62

2.2

17

310

Fried rice in Fujian-style (福建炒飯)

150

21

6

4.7

0.9

41

0.49

1.8

12

320

Fried rice with shredded chicken and shrimp (鴛鴦炒飯)

140

19

4.7

4.5

0.83

36

1.9

2

13

280

Fried rice with pork & tomato sauce (西炒飯)

190

25

5.9

7.4

1.4

40

1.6

2.2

17

300

Fried rice with diced chicken and salted fish (鹹魚雞粒炒飯)

200

27

7

6.7

1.3

64

0.21

1.8

14

330

Fried rice with diced chicken and dried octopus (鱆魚雞粒炒飯)

200

24

8.3

7.6

1.6

86

0.27

2.9

16

290

Fried rice with diced chicken and pineapple (波蘿雞粒炒飯)

200

25

6.2

7.8

1.4

55

1.3

2.1

13

290

Fried rice with egg white and dried scallop (瑤柱蛋白炒飯)

180

29

6.2

4.6

0.76

9.3

0.18

1.8

8.5

300

Fried rice with shredded beef & lettuce (生炒牛肉飯)

200

25

6.7

7.6

1.3

61

0.28

2.3

14

330

Fried rice with shredded chicken (生炒雞絲飯)

200

26

7.1

8.2

1.5

28

0.25

2.5

14

280

Fried rice with stir-fried tomato and sliced beef

(鮮茄牛肉配炒飯)

150

22

5.2

4.9

1.2

31

2.4

2.1

11

300

                     

Meal Set with Rice Dishes ("碟頭飯")

                   

Steamed rice with curry beef brisket (咖哩牛腩飯)

160

18

7.7

6.3

2.8

16

1.6

Trace

17

290

Steamed rice with stewed beef brisket and radish (燜蘿蔔牛腩飯)

130

19

7.5

2.7

1

8.5

0.79

1.5

10

260

Steamed rice with satay beef (沙爹牛肉飯)

120

20

4.7

2.5

0.59

3.7

1.7

Trace

11

320

Steamed rice with stir-fried vegetable and sliced beef

(時菜牛肉飯 )

110

19

4.9

1.6

0.42

5

0.62

Trace

12

260

Steamed rice with stir-fried vegetable and sliced pork

(時菜豬肉片飯)

120

20

4.6

2.3

0.65

5.4

0.47

Trace

11

200

Steamed rice with diced pork and sweet corn (粟米肉粒飯)

130

22

5.2

2.3

0.65

12

0.66

1

7.3

210

Baked pork chop with rice (焗豬扒飯)

190

21

7.4

8.8

2.1

22

1.4

1

18

320

Steamed rice with beancurd sheet and roasted pork

(枝竹火腩(燒肉)飯 )

180

19

7.5

8.1

2.4

13

0.37

2.6

13

260

Steamed rice with stir-fried tomato and sliced beef (鮮茄牛肉飯)

120

21

4.6

1.8

0.44

21

2.6

Trace

6.6

200

Steamed rice with stir-fried egg and shrimp (滑蛋蝦仁飯)

130

22

4.3

2.2

0.54

9.1

0.13

Trace

13

180

Steamed rice with stewed eggplant and shredded salty fish

(魚香茄子飯)

150

19

3.5

5.9

1.4

3.6

1

Trace

7.7

250

Steamed rice with chicken and winter mushroom (冬菰蒸雞飯)

160

25

6.1

4.4

1.1

9

1.1

1.6

9.7

280

Steamed rice with pork rib, chicken leg and black bean sauce

(豉汁鳳爪排骨飯)

180

28

5.3

5.4

1.5

9.8

1.1

Trace

12

260

Steamed minced pork and dried squid with rice

(土魷(魷魚)蒸肉餅飯)

210

22

7.7

9.6

3.7

33

0.7

0

8.4

240

Steamed grass carp with rice (蒸鯇魚飯)

140

18

8.4

4.1

1.8

21

0.85

Trace

25

250

Steamed rice with barbecued pork (叉燒飯 )

200

26

7.3

7.1

2.3

12

1.3

Trace

8.7

250

Steamed rice with roasted pork (燒肉飯)

200

23

7.8

8.6

2.5

13

0.33

Trace

8.3

260

Steamed rice with steamed plain chicken (白切雞飯)

180

25

6.4

5.5

1.5

13

0.4

Trace

11

270

Steamed rice with steamed soy sauce chicken (豉油雞飯)

180

25

6.4

5.7

0.88

13

0.66

Trace

16

250

Steamed rice with roasted goose (燒鵝飯)

190

26

6.7

6.8

1.8

12

1.7

Trace

11

170

                     

Sauces (醬汁)

                   

Sauce for "Sui Mei" (燒味汁)

63

13

1.7

0.3

0.12

0.26

8.5

Trace

7.3

1900

Ginger puree (薑蓉)

480

6.4

1.7

50

7.2

1.6

1

1.2

24

2000

Plum sauce (酸梅醬)

230

56

Trace

0.7

0

0.06

55

Trace

19

1600

 

 

Annex V

Nutrient Contents of Indigenous Congee, Rice and Noodle Dishes (per unit)

Food Item Description

Unit Weight (g)

Energy (kcal)

Total CHO (g)

Protein (g)

Total Fat (g)

Saturated Fat (g)

Chol (mg)

Sugars (g)

Dietary fiber (g)

Calcium (mg)

Sodium (mg)

Congee Dishes ()

                     

Plain congee (白粥)

450

140

26

3.2

3.1

0.44

ND

0

0

25

130

Congee with preserved egg and pork (皮蛋瘦肉粥)

470

260

22

16

12

2.9

200

0.47

Trace

46

1300

Congee with dried fish, peanut and pork (柴魚花生粥)

470

300

26

15

15

2.6

38

0.94

7

84

1100

Boat congee (艇仔粥)

450

300

31

13

14

2.3

68

1.5

Trace

34

1300

Congee with pig giblets (及第粥)

500

310

29

22

12

3

260

1.8

Trace

38

1500

                       

Noodles-in-soup Dishes (湯粉麵)

                     

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with meat and vegetable dumpling (水餃湯粗麵條)

580

380

47

28

9.3

2.7

75

3.3

Trace

87

2500

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with wonton (雲吞湯粗麵條)

630

420

47

33

11

2.7

94

4.4

Trace

100

2900

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with wonton (雲吞湯幼麵條)

630

450

47

33

14

3.5

110

4.6

Trace

110

2900

Rice vermicelli in soup with wonton (雲吞湯米粉)

720

520

79

24

11

3.4

72

3.2

Trace

110

2100

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with wonton (雲吞湯河粉)

720

570

94

20

13

3.3

48

3.1

Trace

100

1900

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with "Yu-pei-gau" (meat dumpling with fish wrap) (魚皮餃湯河粉)

670

550

87

16

15

3.8

19

2.1

8

94

1700

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with "Yu-pei-gau" (meat dumpling with fish wrap) (魚皮餃湯幼麵條)

590

410

46

26

14

3.1

48

2.7

Trace

82

2400

Rice vermicelli in soup with "Yu-pei-gau" (meat dumpling

with fish wrap) (魚皮餃湯米粉)

660

560

79

22

17

4.4

40

2.7

7.3

99

2100

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with "Yu-pei-gau" (meat dumpling with fish wrap) (魚皮餃湯粗麵條)

590

500

51

29

20

5

59

2.7

7.6

120

2700

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with stewed beef brisket

(牛腩湯粗麵條)

620

520

49

46

15

5.9

93

4.6

8

74

3000

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with stewed beef brisket

(牛腩湯幼麵條)

640

550

48

50

17

6.4

110

4.5

8.9

70

3100

Rice vermicelli in soup with stewed beef brisket (牛腩湯米粉)

700

610

70

49

15

5.4

77

5.1

8.4

91

1900

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with stewed beef brisket

(牛腩湯河粉)

720

670

86

40

19

6.8

68

5.2

14

86

1900

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with beef tendon (牛筋湯河粉)

680

560

75

45

8.8

2.5

68

3

7.5

68

2100

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with beef tendon (牛筋湯幼麵條)

620

480

43

56

9.3

2.5

93

4

7.5

75

3200

Rice vermicelli in soup with beef tendon (牛筋湯米粉)

680

540

62

53

8.8

2.8

81

4.8

Trace

74

2400

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with beef tendon (牛筋湯粗麵條)

590

460

40

52

9.5

2.7

83

4

7.1

77

3000

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with cattle tripe

(牛肚(胃)湯粗麵條)

590

360

41

35

5.9

1.9

130

4.1

Trace

100

2800

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with cattle offal

(牛雜(內臟)湯粗麵條)

630

460

43

40

14

6.9

130

3.9

0

94

3100

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with beef ball (牛丸湯河粉)

700

450

77

20

6.9

2.2

20

2.6

Trace

70

1900

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with beef ball (牛丸湯幼麵條)

600

380

45

32

7.8

2.2

51

3.2

Trace

84

2600

Rice vermicelli in soup with beef ball (牛丸湯米粉)

670

450

74

24

6.6

2

29

2.8

Trace

94

2300

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with beef ball (牛丸湯粗麵條)

620

390

45

32

8.7

2.4

42

3.3

Trace

93

2900

Rice vermicelli in soup with fish ball (魚蛋湯米粉)

700

400

66

24

4.8

1.2

43

2.5

Trace

200

1800

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with fish ball (魚蛋湯河粉)

720

450

79

20

4.8

1.1

17

2.9

Trace

200

2000

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with fish ball (魚蛋湯粗麵條)

620

340

45

30

4.8

1.2

48

2.9

Trace

170

2500

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with fish ball (魚蛋湯幼麵條)

640

350

46

30

5.1

1.2

51

3.6

Trace

200

2600

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with sliced "fish cake"

(魚片湯河粉)

640

390

70

16

4.6

1

10

1.5

Trace

110

2100

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with sliced "fish cake"

(魚片湯幼麵條)

580

320

41

28

5.4

1.1

25

2.1

Trace

120

3000

Rice vermicelli in soup with sliced "fish cake" (魚片湯米粉)

650

390

65

20

5

1.2

19

3.3

Trace

120

2300

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with sliced "fish cake"

(魚片湯粗麵條)

570

310

41

26

5

1

39

3.3

Trace

110

2900

Rice vermicelli in soup with cuttlefish ball (墨魚丸湯米粉)

700

450

70

22

7.7

2.6

84

0.84

Trace

67

2100

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with cuttlefish ball

(墨魚丸湯河粉)

690

460

75

16

8.9

2.7

61

2.3

Trace

62

2000

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with cuttlefish ball

(墨魚丸湯粗麵條)

640

370

45

29

8.4

2.3

100

3.9

Trace

77

3000

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with cuttlefish ball

(墨魚丸湯幼麵條)

620

370

45

29

8.1

2.2

100

4.1

Trace

75

3000

Flat noodles ("Ho Fan") in soup with "pork and Chinese

mushroom ball" (貢丸湯河粉)

680

550

82

19

15

4.2

24

3.6

9.6

62

2100

Wheat noodles (thin) in soup with "pork and Chinese

mushroom ball" (貢丸湯幼麵條)

660

480

54

30

16

4.3

52

4.5

12

99

2900

Wheat noodles (thick) in soup with "pork and Chinese

mushroom ball" (貢丸湯粗麵條)

660

450

52

30

13

3.5

51

4.3

9.9

93

2800

Rice vermicelli in soup with "pork and Chinese

mushroom ball" (貢丸湯米粉)

730

520

80

24

12

3.2

38

3.5

8

87

2400

Rice vermicelli in soup with sliced freshwater fish

(鮮魚片湯米粉)

670

450

67

25

7.3

1.8

67

0.93

Trace

73

1500

Rice vermicelli in soup with preserved mustard green and shredded pork (雪菜肉絲湯米粉)

420

350

58

12

7.1

1.4

2

1.9

5.4

50

1500

Instant noodles in soup with luncheon meat and egg

(餐肉蛋即食麵)

450

680

59

22

38

12

190

2.4

Trace

64

1800

Instant noodles in soup with spicy minced pork

(五香肉丁即食麵)

450

710

62

29

37

12

76

5.4

4.5

49

2100

Instant noodles in soup with satay beef (沙爹牛肉即食麵)

500

640

64

29

27

8.9

37

5.4

Trace

54

2200

Udon in soup with assorted seafood (什錦海鮮湯烏冬)

710

410

58

31

6.4

1.4

85

3.1

Trace

85

2100

                       

Fried Noodle Dishes (炒粉麵)

                     

Fried noodles with soya sauce (豉油皇炒麵)

400

680

100

23

21

3.1

5.2

3.8

6.4

68

2100

Fried vermicelli (炒米粉)

410

660

110

15

19

2.6

15

2.5

5.4

70

1600

Fried rice vermicelli in Singapore-style (星州炒米粉)

610

1100

120

39

51

9.8

280

5.8

22

130

2100

Fried rice vermicelli in Xiamen-style (廈門炒米粉)

670

1100

150

38

43

8.7

290

28

14

140

2300

Stewed rice vermicelli with preserved mustard green and shredded roasted duck (雪菜燒鴨絲炆米粉)

720

1000

130

34

38

7.2

79

5.2

18

100

2900

Stewed rice vermicelli with preserved mustard green and

Shredded pork (雪菜豬肉絲炆米粉)

720

860

120

30

29

4.9

35

5.3

15

120

2800

Fried rice noodles with assorted meat, seafood and chilli sauce (Thai-style) (炒貴刁)

770

1200

180

32

46

9.3

230

6.6

7.7

110

2700

Fried rice noodles with sliced beef(乾炒牛肉河粉)

650

970

140

26

33

5

45

4.7

14

65

2300

Fried rice noodles with sliced beef and assorted vegetable

(時菜牛肉炒河粉)

780

1000

150

27

36

5.2

20

2.7

15

120

2000

Fried noodles with vegetable and beef (時菜牛肉炒麵)

580

990

99

42

48

7

58

3.5

13

100

2400

Fried noodles with vegetable and sliced pork (時菜豬肉片炒麵)

610

1000

100

42

49

7.4

61

2.9

9.8

110

2100

Fried noodles with vegetable and spare rib (時菜排骨炒麵)

650

1200

100

50

68

13

120

3.8

6.8

180

2300

Fried noodles with preserved vegetable and sliced pork

(味菜豬肉片炒麵)

710

1200

120

41

61

10

85

12

17

85

2700

Fried noodles with preserved vegetable and spare rib

(味菜排骨炒麵)

760

1400

120

49

72

14

140

14

16

120

3300

Fried noodles with preserved vegetable and squid (味菜魷魚炒麵)

750

1100

120

41

56

9

330

11

17

110

2900

Fried noodles with preserved black bean, assorted pepper

and beef (豉椒牛肉炒麵)

630

1100

110

41

55

8.8

75

5.2

7.5

88

2600

Fried noodles with preserved black bean, assorted pepper

and sliced pork (豉椒豬肉片炒麵)

630

1100

110

42

55

8.8

76

6.3

8.2

82

2700

Fried noodles with preserved black bean, assorted pepper

and spare rib (豉椒排骨炒麵)

740

1500

130

53

91

16

140

7.7

9.1

120

2900

Fried noodles with preserved black bean, assorted pepper

and squid (豉椒魷魚炒麵)

650

1100

110

43

50

8.4

330

5.5

9.1

100

2500

Fried noodles with bitter melon and beef (涼瓜牛肉炒麵)

680

1200

120

44

66

10

75

5.4

16

82

3100

Fried noodles with bitter melon and sliced pork

(涼瓜豬肉片炒麵)

650

1200

120

42

60

9.1

78

5.3

18

78

2700

Fried instant noodles with pork chop (豬扒炒即食麵)

550

1200

99

47

68

17

89

4.1

6.3

89

2500

Braised E-Fu noodles (干燒伊麵)

650

1300

130

33

72

10

65

6.1

11

85

2700

Fried Udon with seafood (海鮮炒烏冬)

740

890

130

44

22

3.7

100

5.9

17

130

2700

                       

Rice-in-soup Dishes (湯飯)

                     

Rice in soup with winter melon and diced pork (冬瓜肉粒湯飯)

720

590

110

28

5.1

1.7

44

1.7

Trace

41

1500

Rice in soup with dried fish and minced pork (方魚肉碎湯飯)

660

480

66

25

13

4

41

0.85

0

120

1800

                       

Fried Rice Diehes (炒飯)

                     

Fried rice in Yangzhou-style (揚州炒飯)

620

1200

150

43

49

9.8

460

3.8

14

100

1900

Fried rice in Fujian-style (福建炒飯)

960

1400

200

57

45

8.6

390

4.7

17

110

3100

Fried rice with shredded chicken and shrimp (鴛鴦炒飯)

1100

1500

210

51

49

9

390

21

22

140

3000

Fried rice with pork & tomato sauce (西炒飯)

680

1300

170

40

50

9.5

270

11

15

120

2000

Fried rice with diced chicken and salted fish (鹹魚雞粒炒飯)

690

1400

190

48

46

8.9

440

1.4

12

96

2300

Fried rice with diced chicken and dried octopus (鱆魚雞粒炒飯)

740

1500

180

61

56

12

630

2

21

120

2100

Fried rice with diced chicken and pineapple (波蘿雞粒炒飯)

730

1500

180

45

57

10

400

9.5

15

95

2100

Fried rice with egg white and dried scallop (瑤柱蛋白炒飯)

690

1200

200

43

32

5.3

64

1.2

12

59

2100

Fried rice with shredded beef & lettuce (生炒牛肉飯)

610

1200

150

41

46

7.9

370

1.7

14

85

2000

Fried rice with shredded chicken (生炒雞絲飯)

600

1200

160

43

49

9

170

1.5

15

84

1700

Fried rice with stir-fried tomato and sliced beef

(鮮茄牛肉配炒飯)

780

1200

170

41

38

9.4

240

19

16

86

2300

                       

Meal Set with Rice Dishes ("碟頭飯")

                     

Steamed rice with curry beef brisket (咖哩牛腩飯)

800

1300

140

62

50

22

130

13

Trace

140

2300

Steamed rice with stewed beef brisket and radish (燜蘿蔔牛腩飯)

750

980

140

56

20

7.5

64

5.9

11

75

2000

Steamed rice with satay beef (沙爹牛肉飯)

700

840

140

33

17

4.1

26

12

Trace

77

2200

Steamed rice with stir-fried vegetable and sliced beef

(時菜牛肉飯 )

700

770

130

34

11

3

35

4.4

Trace

84

1800

Steamed rice with stir-fried vegetable and sliced pork

(時菜豬肉片飯)

660

800

130

30

15

4.3

36

3.1

Trace

73

1300

Steamed rice with diced pork and sweet corn (粟米肉粒飯)

760

990

170

40

18

4.9

91

5

7.6

56

1600

Baked pork chop with rice (焗豬扒飯)

710

1300

140

50

60

14

150

9.5

6.8

120

2200

Steamed rice with beancurd sheet and roasted pork

(枝竹火腩(燒肉)飯 )

770

1400

140

57

62

18

99

2.8

20

99

2000

Steamed rice with stir-fried tomato and sliced beef (鮮茄牛肉飯)

780

940

160

36

14

3.4

160

20

Trace

51

1600

Steamed rice with stir-fried egg and shrimp (滑蛋蝦仁飯)

580

750

130

25

13

3.1

52

0.75

Trace

75

1000

Steamed rice with stewed eggplant and shredded salty fish

(魚香茄子飯)

720

1100

140

25

43

10

26

7.2

Trace

56

1800

Steamed rice with chicken and winter mushroom (冬菰蒸雞飯)

430

660

100

25

18

4.5

37

4.5

6.6

40

1100

Steamed rice with pork rib, chicken leg and black bean sauce

(豉汁鳳爪排骨飯)

490

820

130

24

25

6.8

45

5

Trace

55

1200

Steamed minced pork and dried squid with rice

(土魷(魷魚)蒸肉餅飯)

570

1200

120

44

54

21

190

4

0

48

1400

Steamed grass carp with rice (蒸鯇魚飯)

710

930

120

56

27

12

140

5.6

Trace

170

1700

Steamed rice with barbecued pork (叉燒飯 )

520

1000

130

38

37

9.9

62

6.7

Trace

45

1300

Steamed rice with roasted pork (燒肉飯)

470

930

110

36

40

12

60

1.5

Trace

39

1200

Steamed rice with steamed plain chicken (白切雞飯)

550

940

130

33

29

7.8

68

2.1

Trace

57

1400

Steamed rice with steamed soy sauce chicken (豉油雞飯)

460

770

110

27

24

3.8

56

2.8

Trace

69

1100

Steamed rice with roasted goose (燒鵝飯)

530

970

130

34

35

9.2

61

8.7

Trace

56

870

                       

Sauces (醬汁)

                     

Sauce for "Sui Mei" (燒味汁)

15

9.5

2

0.26

0.045

0.018

0.039

1.3

Trace

1.1

290

Ginger puree (薑蓉)

18

86

1.2

0.31

9

1.3

0.29

0.18

0.22

4.3

360

Plum sauce (酸梅醬)

20

46

11

Trace

0.14

0

0.012

11

Trace

3.8

320

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2007 copyright logo | Important notices Last Revision Date : 30-12-2006