Make Better Choices Use Nutrition Labels

Monthly Report on Results of Compliance Test
for Nutrition Labelling and Declaration of Allergens
under the Food and Drugs (Composition and Labelling) Regulations

( for the month of October 2017 )

The Food and Drugs (Composition and Labelling) Regulations (the Regulations) require all applicable prepackaged foods to list out the ingredients, the content of energy plus seven core nutrients, namely, carbohydrates, protein, total fat, saturated fat, trans fat, sodium and sugars (commonly known as “1 + 7”), and regulate any associated nutrition claims. The ingredients to be listed include, among others, any of the substances specified in section 2(4E) of Schedule 3 to the Regulations which are known to cause allergy in some individuals, if present.

The Centre for Food Safety (CFS) has been testing , among other things, nutrients and allergens in prepackaged food samples for compliance under the Regulations. Results of compliance test since January 2012 have been published on the CFS website in the form of monthly reports, which include details of the food samples with discrepancies between labelled and tested nutrient values. Results of those food samples with food allergens detected but undeclared are also published from 1 April 2012 onwards .

(I) Nutrition Labelling

Compliance Test Results* under Nutrition Labelling Scheme

Month / Year No. of food samples tested No. of non-compliant samples#
October 2017 27 6

*Tests may cover “1+7” or any combination of these core nutrients.
# One or more discrepancies between the declared nutrient values and test results were detected.

Details of non-compliant samples

Month Nature / Name of sample
*Remarks 1,2
Testing parameter Declared value on nutrition label Testing result(s)
October 759 Store Fresh Udon (250 grams each piece, five pieces per pack) Sodium Sodium
October HYAKU 100% Cold Pressed (Orange, Pineapple, Grapefruit, Lime) (270 millilitres per bottle) Preservatives benzoic acid and sorbic acid Not declared on the product's food label that contain benzoic acid and sorbic acid
  1. Benzoic acid 53 parts per million (ppm)
  2. Sorbic acid 250 parts per million (ppm)
October pure j Orange Juice Drink Vitamin C Vitamin C
Vitamin C
October Taiwan No.1 Golden 999 Mangoes Sulphur dioxide Not declared on the product's food label that contain sulphur dioxide Contain sulphur dioxide
October Suzuran White Beet Sugar (500 grams per pack) Energy Energy
282 kcal/100g
398 kcal/100g
October Abbott Similac follow-up formula 2 (400 grams per tin) Niacin Niacin

Tolerance Limits for Declaration of Energy Level or Nutrient Content on Nutrition Label

Energy/Nutrients Tolerance Limits
Energy, Total fat, Saturated fatty acids, Trans fatty acids, Cholesterol, Sodium, Sugars ≤ 120% declared value
Protein, Polyunsaturated fatty acids, Monounsaturated fatty acids, Carbohydrates, Starch, Dietary fibre, Soluble fibre, Insoluble fibre, individual component of fibre ≥ 80% declared value
Vitamins and minerals (other than Vitamin A, Vitamin D and added vitamins and minerals) ≥ 80% declared value
Vitamin A and Vitamin D (including added ones) 80% - 180% declared value
Added vitamins and minerals (other than Vitamin A and Vitamin D) ≥ declared value

Source:Technical Guidance Notes on Nutrition Labelling and Nutrition Claims (see table 3)

(II) Declaration of Food Allergens

The Regulations require declaration of any of the eight types of substances which are known to cause allergy in some individuals, if present, in the list of ingredients of pre-packaged food. These substances are: cereals containing gluten; crustacea and crustacean products; eggs and egg products; fish and fish products; peanuts, soyabeans and their products; milk and milk products (lactose included); tree nuts and nut products; and sulphite in concentrations of 10 parts per million or more.

Compliance Test Results for Food Allergens

Month / Year No. of food samples tested
(Testing parameter: milk)
No. of non-compliant samples received in October
October 2017 10 0


  1. Rapid alert and press release was issued for the non-compliant sample on 4.10.2017, 6.10.2017, 11.10.2017, 16.10.2017 and 20.10.2017 respectively.
  2. After receiving unsatisfactory result, CFS staff conducted investigation and took follow-up sample of the affected product at the concerned vendor. In addition, the concerned vendor was advised to stop sale of the affected product. CFS staff requested the distributor to provide the distribution list of the affected product. The trade was also alerted to stop selling the affected product accordingly. Prosecution will be taken if sufficient evidence is obtained.