Monthly Report on Results of Compliance Test
for Nutrition Labelling and Declaration of Allergens
under the Food and Drugs (Composition and Labelling) Regulations
( for the month of November 2015 )
The Food and Drugs (Composition and Labelling) Regulations (the Regulations) require all applicable prepackaged foods to list out the ingredients, the content of energy plus seven core nutrients, namely, carbohydrates, protein, total fat, saturated fat, trans fat, sodium and sugars (commonly known as "1 + 7"), and regulate any associated nutrition claims. The ingredients to be listed include, among others, any of the substances specified in section 2(4E) of Schedule 3 to the Regulations which are known to cause allergy in some individuals, if present.
The Centre for Food Safety (CFS) has been testing, among other things, nutrients and allergens in prepackaged food samples for compliance under the Regulations. Results of compliance test since January 2012 have been published on the CFS website in the form of monthly reports, which include details of the food samples with discrepancies between labelled and tested nutrient values. Results of those food samples with food allergens detected but undeclared are also published from 1 April 2012 onwards.
(I) Nutrition Labelling
Compliance Test Results* under Nutrition Labelling Scheme
|Month / Year||No. of food samples tested||No. of non-compliant samples#|
*Tests may cover "1+7" or any combination of these core nutrients.
# One or more discrepancies between the declared nutrient values and test results were detected.
Details of non-compliant samples
|Month||Nature / Name of sample||Testing parameter||Declared value on nutrition label||Testing result(s)|
On Kee Premium Preserved Sausages (300g)
|Sugars 1050mg/100g||Sugars 1800mg/100g|
Preserved duck breast (two pieces per pack)
Tolerance Limits for Declaration of Energy Level or Nutrient Content on Nutrition Label
|Energy, Total fat, Saturated fatty acids, Trans fatty acids, Cholesterol, Sodium, Sugars||≤ 120% declared value|
|Protein, Polyunsaturated fatty acids, Monounsaturated fatty acids, Carbohydrates, Starch, Dietary fibre, Soluble fibre, Insoluble fibre, individual component of fibre||≥ 80% declared value|
|Vitamins and minerals (other than Vitamin A, Vitamin D and added vitamins and minerals)||≥ 80% declared value|
|Vitamin A and Vitamin D (including added ones)||80% - 180% declared value|
|Added vitamins and minerals (other than Vitamin A and Vitamin D)||≥ declared value|
Source: Technical Guidance Notes on Nutrition Labelling and Nutrition Claims (see table 3)
(II) Declaration of Food Allergens
The Regulations require declaration of any of the eight types of substances which are known to cause allergy in some individuals, if present, in the list of ingredients of pre-packaged food. These substances are: cereals containing gluten; crustacea and crustacean products; eggs and egg products; fish and fish products; peanuts, soyabeans and their products; milk and milk products (lactose included); tree nuts and nut products; and sulphite in concentrations of 10 parts per million or more.
Compliance Test Results for Food Allergens
|Month / Year||No. of food samples tested
(Testing parameter: Milk)
|No. of non-compliant samples received in October|
Details of non-compliant samples
|Month||Nature / Name of sample||Testing parameter||Testing result(s)|
"KOH COCONUT Coconut Milk" 1 litre per pack *Remarks 4
|Milk||The food sample was found to contain a food allergen, milk protein, but it was not declared on the product's food label.|
- Rapid alert and press release were issued for the non-compliant sample on 24.11.2015 & 26.11.2015 respectively. (http://www.cfs.gov.hk/english/press/20151124_0410.html) 、(http://www.cfs.gov.hk/english/press/20151126_0412.html）。
- After the received the unsatisfactory result, CFS staff conducted further investigation at the concerned shop, and sale of the product was found ceased. In addition, CFS staff requested the distributor to provide the distribution list of the alleged food product. The trade was also alerted to stop selling the affected product accordingly. Prosecution will be taken if sufficient evidence is obtained.
- CFS staff conducted investigation and took follow up sample at the concerned shop immediately, and sale of the product was found ceased subsequently. In addition, CFS staff requested the distributor to provide the distribution list of the alleged food product. The trade was also alerted to stop selling the affected product accordingly.
- CFS received the unsatisfactory result of the follow up sample on 2.11.2015. It was revealed that the follow up sample was also found to contain a food allergen, milk protein, but it was not declared on the product's food label. Prosecution will be taken if sufficient evidence is obtained.